Friday, December 13, 2013

Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD) Syndrome

Causes and Symptoms
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, or TMD, can be a complicated and complex problem. The TMJ is located in front of each ear and is responsible, with the associated ligaments, tendons, disks, and muscles, for all jaw movements. Problems with the joint are referred to as TMD. They can be manifested in a variety of ways including headaches, earaches, ringing in the ears, problems with jaw opening or closing, tenderness of the jaw muscles, popping or clicking noises when the jaw is opened or closed, neck pain, and upper back pain.

When the jaw joint does not function properly, there can be pain and muscle spasms. However, it should be noted that muscle spasms and resulting pain may have nothing to do with the jaw joint. The TMJ is essential to all movements that involve the jaw. The pain can be slight, moderate, or severe. It can be sporadic or constant and even debilitating. It is common for a TMD patient to have difficulty chewing hard foods or opening the mouth wide without discomfort. Some of the patients may have a problem chewing soft foods. Normal function of the joint can be affected by trauma (accident), improper positioning of the teeth, disease (arthritis), and stress-related habits such as clenching and grinding.

TMJ dysfunction has been called The Great Imposter because it mimics other problems. Sometimes it is hard to diagnose. Sometimes it is easy to determine. Many times, special radiographs are absolutely necessary to see the nature of the problem.

Treatment Options
The usual method of treatment is very conservative: mouthguards and various appliances specifically constructed for you. They permit the joint area to rest and give it a chance to heal. These therapies are relatively inexpensive. Time of treatment varies considerably among patients. Some may get relief in a few days; others may need months. Some may have to wear the appliances all the time; some, just at night. Other treatment may include prescription medication, habit-breaking appliances, TMJ orthodontics, physical therapy, biofeedback and counseling, and orthodontic corrective surgery.

Depending on the exact nature of your TMD problem, we may decide to treat you here or send you to a dentist who specializes in this treatment. Early treatment may help you to a better chance for a successful result. This is especially true if the nature of the problem is degenerative, and not related to clenching or grinding. Although diagnosis of TMD problems may often be easy, the exact nature of the treatment needed to obtain relief may be difficult.

If you have any questions about temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD), please feel free to ask us at (512)250-5012.  –Omni Dental Group


  1. Many suffer from Tempromandibular Joint pain or Tempromandibular Dysfunction. Which include such Symptoms. Thanks for sharing the symptoms in details. Treatment of these problems can be complicated. The best way that we can help and the appropriate therapy.

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  3. This is a very rarely discussed disease. Thank you for sharing information on Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction (TMD) Syndrome here. Denture based diseases are common all around the globe now.

  4. Pain in the neck and/or shoulder, Ringing in the ears, Hearing loss or ear pain and many more symptoms of TMJ (TMD). Our dentist in Quebec offer proper therapy which will all work together to bring you relief.

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  6. Thanks for sharing detailed information of symptoms and procedure about TMD & TMJ therapy which will bring you relief. Canadian dentists, allowing them to serve their patients and community with confidence and excellence.

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